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A teacher once asked his five years old student during a lecture: “Why do you want to marry?”. The child answered: “I want to marry in order to give birth and ensure my continuity when I am gone”. That’s very true, though there are hundreds of reasons why one should marry.

Cells divide in order to ensure their continuity through two processes:

  1. Mitosis
  2. Meiosis

The mitotic type of cell division occurs in the soma cells, while the meiotic type of cell division occurs in the gamete cells.

Why mitotic cell division?

  • Division of the body cells (somatic cells) unarguably leads to an increase in the body size and mass.
  • Ever had a wound on your knee while playing soccer?. The replacement of the damaged tissue skin is facilitated by mitotic cell division. Replacement of worn-out cells on body tissues are through mitosis.
  • In certain animals such as crustacean and starfish. Regeneration of the lost body tissues is by mitosis.
  • It is also the fundamental basis for asexual reproduction.

Why meiotic cell division?

  • Cells of testes and ovaries that are involved in sexual reproduction divide by the meiotic process.
  • It provides an opportunity for a combination of new genes unlike in mitotic cell division.

See also Cell differentiation in the human body

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I am Olatomide Samuel, a microbiologist, blogger, graphic designer, web designer and an entrepreneur. I currently manage ATG Ventures, an internet company that deals in the sale of airtime, data bundle, cable tv subscription, Waec result checker. Feel free to go through our articles and kindly endeavor to patronize us.

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