discoveries and discoverers in biology

DISCOVERIES AND DISCOVERERS IN THE FIELD OF BIOLOGY

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discoveries and discoverers in biology

Kindly check the table below to find a list of selected notable contributions of some scientists to biology

SCIENTIST CONTRIBUTION
Aristotle (384-322 BC) Early attempt to classify animals into groups based on their behavioral similarities
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Human anatomy
William Harvey (1628) Discovery of circulation of blood in the body
Lucretius (99-55BC

)

 

 

Girolamo Fracastoro (1476-1553)

hypothesized that disease was caused by invisible living creatures
Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek (1668) Built the first microscope
Francesco Stelluti (1625) Made the first observations of organisms
bees and weevils under the microscope
Robert Hooke (1665) He was the first person to observe cells under the microsope
Francesco Redi (1668) Disproved the theory of spontaneous generation by proving that flies produce maggots in decaying meat
Carolus Linnaeus (1735) Classification and nomenclature of living things
Charles Darwins (1859) Theory of natural selection
SCIENTIST RESEARCH
Emil von Behring (1901) Diphtheria antitoxin
Ronald Ross (1902) Cause and transmission of malaria
Robert Koch (1905) Tuberculosis research
Charles Laveran (1907) Role of protozoa in disease
Paul Ehrlich

E. Metchnikoff

(1908)

Work on immunity
C. Richet (1913) Work on anaphylaxis
J. Bordet (1919) Discovery about immunity
C. Nicolle (1928) Work on typhus fever
K. Landsteiner (1930) Discovery of human blood groups
G. Domagk (1939) Antibacterial effect of prontosil
A. Fleming

E. B. Chain

H.W. Florey

 

(1945)

Discovery of penicillin and its therapeutic value
M. Theiler (1951) Development of yellow fever vaccine
S.A. Waksman (1952) Discovery of streptomycin
J.F. Enders

T.H. Weller

F. Robbins (1954)

Cultivation of poliovirus in tissue culture
D. Bovet (1957) Discovery of antihistamine
G.W. Beadle

E.L. Tatum

J. Lederberg

(1958)

Microbial genetics
S. Ochoa

A. Kornberg

(1959)

Discovery of enzymes catalyzing nucleic acid synthesis
F.M. Burnet

P.B. Medawar

(1960)

Discovery of enzymes catalyzing nucleic acid synthesis
F.H.C. Crick

J.D. Watson

(1962)

Discovery of the structure of DNA
F.P. Rous (1966) Discovery of cancer viruses
R.W. Holley

H.G. Khorana

M.W. Nirenberg

(1968)

Deciphering of the genetic code
M. Delbruck

A.D. Hershey

(1969)

Discoveries concerning viruses and viral infections of cells
G. Edelman

R. Porter

(1972)

Research on the structure of antibodies
H. Temin

D. Baltimore

R. Dulbecco

(1975)

Discovery of RNA-dependent DNA synthesis by RNA tumor viruses; reproduction of DNA tumor viruses
B. Blumberg

D. C. Gajdusek

(1976)

Mechanism for the origin and dissemination of Hepatitis B virus; research on slow virus infections
R. Yalow (1977) Development of the radioimmunoassay technique
H.O. Smith

D.Nathans

W.Arber  (1978)

Discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics
B. Benacerraf

G. Snell

J. Dausset

 

 

P.Berg

W. Gilbert

F. Sanger

 

(1980)

Discovery of the histocompatibility antigens

Development of recombinant DNA technology (Berg); development of

 

 

DNA sequencing techniques (Chemistry prize)

A. Klug (1982) Development of crystallographic electron microscopy and the elucidation of the structure
C. Milstein

G. J. F. Kohler

N.K. Jerner

 

(1984)

Development of the technique for formation of monoclonal antibodies (Milsteins & Kohler); theoretical work in immunology
R. Ruska (1986) Development of the transmission of electron microscope (Physics Prize)
S. Tonegawa

(1987)

The genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity
J. Deisenhofer, R. Huber & H. Michel

G. Elion

 

G. Hitchings

 

(1988)

Crystallization and study of the photosynthesis

 

 

Development of drugs for the treatment of cancer, malaria, and viral infections

J.M. Bishop

H.E. Varmus

 

S.Altman

T.R. Cech

 

(1989)

Discovery of oncogenes

 

 

 

 

Discovery of catalytic RNA

K.B. Mullis

M. Smith

R.J. Roberts

P.A. Sharp

 

(1993)

Invention of polymerase chain reaction

Development of site-directed mutagenesis

Discovery of split genes

P.C. Doherty

R.M. Zinkernagel

(1996)

Discovery of mechanism by which T lymphocytes recognize virus-infected cells
S. Prusiner (1997) Discovery of prions
R. Mackinnon

 

P. Agre

(2003)

Structure of bacterial potassium and chloride channel proteins

 

Discovery of Aquaporins

B. Marshall

 

(2005)

Discovery of the causative role of Helicobacter pylori in gastric ulcers.
A.Z. Fire

C.C. Mello

(2006)

Discovery RNA interference; gene regulation by dsRNA
M.R. Capecchi

M.J. Evans

O. Smithies

 

H. zur Hausen

(2007)

Principle of gene modification in mice using embryonic stem cells

 

 

 

 

Discovery ofhuman papilloma viruses of the cervix

F. Barre-Sinoussi

L. Montagnier

(2008)

Discovery of HIV
E.H. Blackburn

C.W. Greider

 

(2009)

Discovery of telomeres and telomerase protect chromosomes
R.G. Edwards

(2010)

In vitro fertilization
B.A. Beutler

J.A. Hoffman

 

R.M Steinman

(2011)

Work on innate immunity

 

 

 

 

Role of dendritic cells in adaptive immunity

J.B. Gurdon

Shinya Yamanaka

(2012)

Reprograming of mature cells to pluripotency
R.W. Schekman

T.C. Sudhof

(2013)

Discovery of regulatory vesicle transport system in our cells
J. O’Keefe

M. Moser

E.I. Moser

(2014)

Discovery of the cells involved in positioning system in the brain.
W.C. Campbell

S. Omura

 

Tu Youyou

(2015)

Discovery of avermectin used for roundworm parasite treatment

 

Discovery of artemsinin and dihydroartemisinin for malaria treatment

Y. Ohsumi

(2016)

Mechanism of autophagy
J.C. Hall

M. Roshbash

M,W. Young

(2017)

Molecular technique for controlling circadian rhythm
J, Allison

T. Honjo

(2018)

Cancer therapy by inhibiting negative immune regulation
W. Kaelin Jr.

P.J. Ratcliffe

G.L. Semenza

(2019)

How cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability



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